Santorini and the myth of the Atlantis
The island of Santorini, also known as Thera is located in the Cyclades islands in the Aegean Sea in Greece. It is one of the prized destinations of Greece along with Mykonos. The name 'Santorini' was given by the Venetians after St. Irene. The island comprises of a cluster of volcanic islands. The island was also known as Strongilic and Kalisti. And was the site of one of the most leviathan volcanic eruptions. The remains consist of a submerged volcano and a caldera.
There is a close link between the island of Santorini and the myth of the Atlantis. Atlantis is also known as 'the lost world'. Santorini is believed to be Atlantis.
Santorini - at a glance:
Santorini is the southernmost member of the Cyclades group of islands and covers an area of 73 square kms (approx.).
A large central lagoon, which is rectangular in shape, is surrounded by high cliffs penetrating from three sides. The island tilts downwards from the cliffs. The lagoon is formed in two places - in the northwest and southwest. The water in the centre is 1300 ft. deep and is an ideal spot for harboring some of the biggest ships. All the ports are in the lagoon. The towns of Santorini are located on top of the cliff overlooking the lagoon.
History of Santorini:
The history of Santorini can be dated back to the Bronze Age. The excavations in Akrotini have proved that a great civilization once existed on the island. These excavations uncovered an ancient city which was found buried under a very thick layer of ash from the great eruption in1625.
According to Herodotus, the island was initially called Strongili meaning the circular one, Kalisti meaning, the beautiful one, owing to its mesmerizing beauty. After the invasion by the Lacedaemonians, it was named Thera, after their king.
Atlantis and Santorini: It is believed that Santorini is Atlantis. The famous Greek philosopher, Plato (427-347 BC) had given a vivacious description of the disappearance of Atlantis in two of his dialogues -Kritias and Timaeus. According to Plato, Atlantis was a circular island inhabited by a vast and prosperous civilization. The original account of Plato was with Solon (640-560 BC), the knowledgeable lawmaker of Athens. During one of his visits to Sias, a town located in the Nile delta, he met a priest who told him about the vanishment of a monolithic island. Solon informed Plato about this and consequently all the accounts on the lost kingdom were based on Plato's dialogues.
Plato's account of Atlantis: According to Plato, the Atlantis Island was an enormous empire spreading over a number of continents which vanished in
Plato is quoted saying that once upon a time the Atlantis Island was a vast empire spreading over numerous continents which disappeared in one single night of destruction and mayhem caused by a terrible earthquake followed by a deluge.
Geological and archaeological excavations have revealed a fascinating likelihood and that is the vanishing of Atlantis which might be linked to the Bronze Age calamity courtesy of the massive explosion of the Aegean Sea. The catastrophe was so devastating that it inundated the caldera and completely ruined the highly civilized Minoan civilization which used to be an integral part of the Santorini Island.
Santorini is strategically located between Greece in the west and Turkey in the east. Santorini falls in the plate tectonic zone and comprises of the island of Thera, Therasia, Aspronisi and the inner Kamani.
Archaeological and Geological evidence:
Santorini has always been prone to volcanic activity. Archaeologists have unearthed clinching evidence of the highly evolved civilizations in Santorini some of which dates back to 1300 BC.
Rachel Arora - "I have done my Batchelors in Tourism Studies and have a passion for travelling. I have travelled to several destinations around the world and am doing research on 'Satanicism' since the past eight years. I am fascinated by the cultures and customs of people in different parts of the globe and strongly feel the need to throw light on the varying lifestyles and the speciality of each region. It might not be possible for a lot of people to visit eac"